What Are The Health Benefits And Use Of Sage Herb?

  • February 14, 2015

Sage (Salvia Officinalis) is a herb native to the Mediterranean, belonging to the Lamiaceae (the mint) family along with other herbs, such as oregano, lavender, rosemary, thyme, and basil.

sage herbSage has one of the longest histories of use of any culinary or medicinal herb. Ancient Egyptians used it as a fertility drug (Bown, 1995). In the first century C.E. Greek physician Dioscorides reported that the aqueous decoction of sage stopped bleeding of wounds and cleaned ulcers and sores. He also recommended sage juice in warm water for hoarseness and coughs. It was used by herbalists externally to treat sprains, swelling, ulcers, and bleeding. Internally, a tea made from sage leaves has had a long history of use to treat sore throats and coughs; often by gargling. It was also used by herbalists for rheumatism, excessive menstrual bleeding, and to dry up a mother’s milk when nursing was stopped. It was particularly noted for strengthening the nervous system, improving memory, and sharpening the senses. Sage was officially listed in the United States Pharmacopoeia from 1840 to 1900.

The herb has gray leaves up to 2.5 in long (6.4 cm) and flowers that are usually blue, purple, white or pink. Because of its unique pleasant aroma sage is often used as a fragrance in soaps and cosmetics.

Sage was one of the ingredients of Four Thieves Vinegar – a mix of herbs which was made to prevent the plague.

The scientific name of the herb Salvia officinalis originates from the Latin word “salvere” which in English means “to be saved.”

Health benefits of sage

Sage is used in medicine to help alleviate symptoms of digestive problems and mental disorders, such as Alzheimer’s and depression.

Growing leaves of garden sage.

Nutritious – sage is rich in antioxidants (apigenin, diosmetin, and luteolin) and important nutrients, such as vitamin K. In fact, sage has been considered somewhat of a panacea (solution or remedy for all difficulties or diseases) throughout history because of its wide range of uses in cooking and medicine.

Treating Alzheimer’s disease – taking sage may help improve memory and information processing among people who suffer from mild Alzheimer’s disease.

Research published in the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics concluded that S. officinalis may help reduce agitation of patients, but this claim still requires further research.1

Improving memory – A 50 microl dose of sage essential oil significantly improved immediate word recall in a study of more than twenty people published in the journal Pharmacological Biochemical Behavior.2

The study authors wrote “(these results) represent the first systematic evidence that Salvia is capable of acute modulation of cognition in healthy young adults.”

Anti-inflammatory – researchers at the University of Vienna, Austria published a study in the Journal of Ethnopharmacology suggesting that Salvia officinalis has important anti-inflammatory properties.. The team had been investigating the properties of herbs used in traditional Austrian medicine.3

Helps diabetes type 2 patients – a team at the Research Institute of Medicinal Plants in Iran found that “Salvia officinalis leaf extract has anti-hyperglycemic and lipid profile improving effects in hyperlipidemic type 2 diabetic patients.” In other words, sage is good at lowering cholesterol and triglyceride levels in patients with diabetes type 2. The study was published in the journal Complementary Therapies in Medicine.4

sage

Other potential benefits of sage, which currently lack scientific evidence, include:

  • Alleviating stomach pains
  • Preventing painful periods
  • Treating asthma
  • Treating diarrhea
  • Reducing excessive sweating.

 

Sage Herb Notes / Side Effects

Latin Names
Salvia officinalis, Salviae folium

Common Names
Broadleaf Sage, Common Sage, Dalmatian Sage, Garden Sage, Kitchen Sage, Narrow-leaved sage, Sage, Salvia, Sarubia, Spanish sage, Tibbi Adacayi

Properties
Anti-bacterial, anti-fungal, anti-hydrotic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, anti-septic, anti-spasmodic, anti-viral, aromatic, astringent, carminative, emmenagogue, oestrogenic, relaxant, spasmolytic, vermifuge.

Indicated for
Aiding digestion, Alzheimer’s disease, asthma, bacterial & fungal infections, biliousness, bites, calming and stimulating the nervous system, candida, colds, coughs, dental abscesses, diarrhoea (infantile), dysmenorrhoea, encouraging healing, excessive menstrual bleeding, flatulent dyspepsia, gastrointestinal upset, gingivitis, glossitis, headache (nervous), hot flashes (menopausal sweats) hyperhidrosis, improving memory, indigestion, infected gums, intestinal infection, insect bites, irregular and scanty periods, joint paint, kidney problems, lack of appetite, lethargy, liver complaints, lungs or stomach haemorrhaging, measles, mouth ulcers, night sweats, oral inflammation, palsy, perspiration (excessive), pharyngitis, phthisis, quinsy, reducing lactation, rheumatism, rhinitis, skin, throat, mouth and gum infections, soothing the digestive tract, stimulating upper digestive secretions, intestinal mobility, bile flow, and pancreatic function, stings, stomatitis, strengthening the nervous system, throat infections, typhoid fever, uvulitis, vaginal discharge. Taken internally or as a gargle or mouthwash; galactorrhoea, hyperhydrosis, inflammations of the mouth, tongue or throat.
Sage should not be used by pregnant or nursing women or by people who have epileptic fits.

The plant is toxic in excess or when taken for extended periods, though the toxic dose is very large.

Sage should not be used to suppress perspiration in fevers.

We have selected this article about Sage from Herb Wisdom and Medical News Today: http://www.herbwisdom.com/herb-peppermint.html
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/266480.php

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